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An educated consumer is our best customer, and in order
for you to receive the best service at a fair and reasonable price, I
want you to know your set-up of your septic (cesspool) system here on
If your house was
build prior to 1972-73 you are on the
right page. Here we talk about how your system is set-up and the
associated problems and solutions that develop over time and use.
Click here if you have
a septic system build after 1972-73.
is a cesspool?
A cesspool is a
cylinder shaped drainage system designed
to leach out vast amounts of water through perkulation / percolation.
The cesspool is either concrete block construction or a one-piece
cylindrical concrete formation with drainage holes.
If your house was
built before 1972, then you have a two
or three cesspool system. The first cesspool collects solids on the
surface and drains about 30% of the water.
The second and
third (if you have one) are called
overflow cesspools. The overflow cesspool handles about 70% of the
drainage (see diagram below).
do cesspools fill up?
water through sand (perkulation /
percolation). The sand surrounding the cesspool filters out fine
organic particles. As the cesspools start to fill, water pressure
forces these particles deeper into the sand. This is a slow process,
but over time, the sand below the cesspool saturates with organic
matter, not allowing the water to drain out as fast as water is being
do you recommend for a block cesspool
become weak and broken down from the
acidity of your wastewater. Chances are good that if you have a block
system that system is now more than 40 years old and needs replacement.
collapse when pumped out and the sand
surrounding the blocks is saturated with water thereby forcing it to
collapse from the outside in.
Pumping sand from
the bottom of the block cesspool
causes the pool to collapse because the sand acts as the base.
or hydro jetting (blowing air and or
water to help loosen a clogged bottom) can dislodge support block
Improper use of chemicals, especially using too much chemicals can cause blockage.
do I locate my cesspools?
In most cases, your
property survey has a diagram where
the septic system is located. If you house was built after 1972, your
local town building department has a copy of your survey. Also, your
local health department has a copy.
If your cesspool is
buried beneath the lawn, look in
your basement or crawlspace where your main drainage line exits your
house. The main drainage line is a large pipe about four inches in
diameter. The main drainage line links directly to your septic tank or
cesspool. This gives you an indication where they are located.
information supplied by the Suffolk County
Health Department will; help you locate your cesspool.
The closest a septic tank or cesspool can
be located to the foundation of the house is ten feet if the house has
a basement and five feet if the house is on a slab.
Your system must be at least 100 feet from
private water wells.
Your system must be at least five feet
inside your property line.
The system must be twenty feet from
The system must be at least 20 feet from
Once you have a
general idea where your septic system is
located, look for a circular area of grass that appears greener than
the surrounding area. Also, take note of where the snow melts the
fastest --- that is good indicator of where your system is located.
If you still can't
find your cesspools, hire a
professional to locate the system for you.
What is the best way to service a two or three
The reason these
old-style cesspools fill up is that
over time organic matter clogs up the sand and eventually slows
For a system
installed before 1972, unclogging the sand
beneath the cesspool by using aeration or hydro jetting is the best
problem is in the sand on the bottom.
Look for warning
signs: slow flushes, gurgling in
drains, bubbles coming up in the toilet. These problems will happen
with heavy water use and then go away during times of limited water
It is important to
address the problem as soon as you
see symptoms. Delaying a fix will cost you more money in the long run.
Give me a call for
a free no obligation inspection.